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  • Commentary

    To be Free from America

    The Russia-Georgia conflict is a watershed for a new era in geopolitics. As America scrambles to react to the crisis, Russia will continue to challenge Western influence in the former Soviet space. In turn, both will turn to Europe, and Europe’s ability to defend its own interests will be the most severe test yet for the Union. All the while, China, Iran and others watch with keen interest.

  • Commentary

    From Confrontation to Dialogue

    The search for a way for all parties in the Russia-Georgia conflict to sit down at the negotiating table is gradually beginning. There is real promise that an EU forum can establish an acceptable format and most likely, Russia is ready to make some concessions. Nevertheless, excessive pressure on Moscow will only strengthen its internal conservative forces and thus exacerbate its hard line stance.

  • Commentary

    Solving the Crisis in the Caucasus

    Although in the short term the basis for a ceasefire has formed between Russia and Georgia, the conflict has entirely transformed the region. Russian peacekeepers can now no longer operate alone in the separatist regions. In addition, South Ossetia and Abkhazia cannot revert back to Georgia. Finally, the already deteriorating Russia-U.S. relationship will now face a new set of challenges.

  • Commentary

    Q&A: Russia-Georgia Conflict Sets Up New Era in Relations with U.S.

    A united Europe could play the pivotal peacemaker in the Russia-Georgia conflict, strengthening cooperation in the continent’s east. However, both unity and independent action on Europe’s part are unlikely. Therefore, the Russia policy of the next U.S. president will be essential for ensuring stability in the region.

  • Commentary

    Russia and the United States — Time to End the Strategic Deadlock

    Disarmament cooperation between Russia and the U.S. has stalled. Negotiations must be renewed, for inaction could revive an arms race.

  • Research

    Reading Khamenei: The World View of Iran's Most Powerful Leader

    There is perhaps no leader in the world more important to current world affairs but less known and understood than Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. In a unique and timely new study Carnegie’s Karim Sadjadpour presents an in-depth political profile of Khamenei based on a careful reading of three decades' worth of his writings and speeches.

  • Research

    Russia—Lost in Transition: The Yeltsin and Putin Legacies

    Lilia Shevtsova searches the histories of the Yeltsin and Putin regimes, exploring within them conventional truths and myths about Russia, paradoxes of Russian political development, and Russia’s role in the world.

  • Research

    Getting Russia Right

    This book sheds new light on our understanding of contemporary Russia, providing Western audiences with an insider’s explanation of how the country has arrived at its current position and how the United States and Europe can deal with it more productively.

  • Commentary

    Russia’s Strategic Choices

    With new found self-confidence, Russia’s recent foreign policy has taken on a combative tone, exemplified by Russian President Vladmir Putin’s speech in Munich—and U.S.-Russian relations have plummeted to their lowest level since the end of the Soviet-era.

  • Commentary

    Remembering Boris Yeltsin; French Presidential Election

  • Research

    Beyond Nuclear Deterrence: Transforming the U.S.–Russian Equation

    While deterrence as a concept has always been paradoxical, it is poorly equipped to handle today’s most significant nuclear challenges: proliferation and terrorism. Nuclear arms control must move beyond the deadlock of deterrence.

  • Research

    Central Asia’s Second Chance

    Early hopes for a democratic transition in Central Asia after the fall of the Soviet Union were dashed, but new hope was raised as the global community re-engaged with Central Asia in the wake of 9/11. Martha Brill Olcott explains how the region squandered its "second chance," and what might happen next.

  • Research

    U.S.-Russian Relations: The Case for an Upgrade

    Highly touted in both Washington and Moscow as a "strategic partnership" in 2001, the relationship has drifted and the gap between glowing rhetoric and thin substance has grown. When major policy differences emerge, as over war in Iraq in 2002-2003 and recently over Ukraine, all too easily the U.S.-Russian relationship spirals into "crisis," and the threat of a "new Cold War" looms.

  • Research

    Putin's Russia (Revised and Expanded Edition)

    This revised edition explores the true nature of Putin’s leadership and how far he is willing to go and capable of going with further transformation. The book includes an examination of the recent presidential and parliamentary elections and their effects on Putin’s leadership and Russia.

  • Research

    Between Dictatorship and Democracy: Russian Post-Communist Political Reform

    • Michael McFaul, Nikolai Petrov, Andrei Ryabov
    • March 15, 2004
    • Washington

    For hundreds of years, dictators have ruled Russia. Do they still? Did the processes unleashed by Gorbachev and continued under Russian President Boris Yeltsin lead eventually to liberal democracy in Russia?

  • Commentary

    Putin Calls Voting Fair; Observers Disagree

    • December 09, 2003

  • Commentary

    The Forgotten War: Chechnya and Russia's Future

    The Bush and Putin administrations have misleadingly folded Chechnya into the global war on terror. Their critics have done little better by defining Chechnya as a human rights challenge. However, ignoring Chechnya or focusing primarily on human rights misses the larger issue, which is not what happens to Chechnya, but what kind of Russia emerges from that forgotten war.

  • Research

    Russia's Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia

    Trenin and Malashenko examine the implications of the war with Chechnya for Russia's post-Soviet evolution. Considering Chechnya's impact on Russia's military, domestic politics, foreign policy, and ethnic relations, the authors contend that the Chechen factor must be addressed before Russia can continue its development.

  • Research

    Yeltsin's Russia: Myths and Reality

    Combining keen political analysis with the unique perspective of a native observer, Lilia Shevtsova offers a valuable assessment of the forces that will shape the post-Yeltsin era.

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